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« on: December 17, 2008, 04:15:22 pm »

[Federal Register: December 16, 2008 (Volume 73, Number 242)]
[Notices]               
[Page 76373-76375]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr16de08-76]                         

=======================================================================
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

Fish and Wildlife Service

[FWS-R5-ES-2008-N0312; 50120-1113-0000-D2]

 
Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Initiation of 5-
Year Reviews of 7 Listed Species

AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice of review; request for information.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, initiate 5-year
reviews of the endangered Appalachian monkeyface (Quadrula sparsa), the
northeast population of the roseate tern (Sterna dougalii dougalli),
and the shale barren rock-cress (Arabis serotina), and the threatened
Cheat Mountain salamander (Plethodon nettingi), the Madison cave isopod
(Antrolana lira), the sensitive joint-vetch (Aeschynomene virginica),
and the Virginia sneezeweed (Helenium virginicum), under the Endangered
Species Act of 1973, as amended (Act). We request any new information
on these species that may have a bearing on their classification as
endangered or threatened. Based on the results of these 5-year reviews,
we will make a finding on whether these species are properly classified
under the Act.

DATES: To allow us adequate time to conduct these reviews, we are
requesting submission of new information by February 17, 2009. However,
we will continue to accept new information about any listed species at
any time.

ADDRESSES: For instructions on where to submit information and review
the information that we receive on these species, see ``Public
Solicitation of New Information.''

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Mary Parkin, U.S. Fish and
Wildlife Service, Northeast Region, 300 Westgate Center Drive, Hadley,
MA 01035, 413-253-8617 or 617-876-6173, or via e-mail at mary_
parkin@fws.gov. Individuals who are hearing impaired or speech impaired
may call the Federal Relay Service at 800-877-8337 for TTY assistance.
For species-specific information, contact the appropriate person under
``Public Solicitation of New Information.''

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Why Do We Conduct a 5-Year Review?

    Under the Act we maintain the List of Endangered and Threatened
Wildlife and Plant Species (List) at 50 CFR 17.11 and 17.12. We amend
the List by publishing final rules in the Federal Register. Section
4(c)(2)(A) of the Act requires that we conduct a review of listed
species at least once every 5 years. Section 4(c)(2)(B) requires that
we determine: (1) Whether a species no longer meets the definition of
threatened or endangered and should be removed from the List
(delisted); (2) Whether a species more properly meets the definition of
threatened and should be reclassified from endangered to threatened; or
(3) Whether a species more properly meets the definition of endangered
and should be reclassified from threatened to endangered. Using the
best scientific and commercial data available, a species will be
considered for delisting if the data substantiate that the species is
neither endangered nor threatened for one or more of the following
reasons: (1) The species is considered extinct; (2) The species is
considered to be recovered; and/or (3) The original data available when
the species was listed, or the interpretation of such data, were in
error. Any change in Federal classification requires a separate
rulemaking process. Therefore, we are requesting submission of any such
information that has become available since either the original listing
or the most recent status review for these species. Based on the
results of these 5-year reviews, we will make the requisite findings
under section 4(c)(2)(B) of the Act.
    Our regulations at 50 CFR 424.21 require that we publish a notice
in the Federal Register announcing those species currently under
review. This notice announces initiation of our active review of the
species in Table 1.

     Table 1--Summary of Listing Information, 4 Wildlife Species and 3 Plant Species in the Northeast Region
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Common name              Scientific name         Status           Where listed     Final listing rule
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
             ANIMALS
Appalachian monkeyface..........  Quadrula sparsa...  Endangered........  VA................  41 FR 24062; 06/14/
                                                                                               1976
Appalachian monkeyface..........  Quadrula sparsa...  Experimental        TN................  72 FR 52433; 09/13/
                                                       Population, Non-                        2007
                                                       Essential.
Cheat Mountain salamander.......  Plethodon nettingi  Threatened........  Entire Range......  54 FR 34464; 08/18/
                                                                                               1989
Madison cave isopod.............  Antrolana lira....  Threatened........  Entire Range......  47 FR 43699; 10/04/
                                                                                               1982

[[Page 76374]]


Roseate tern....................  Sterna dougallii    Endangered........  Northeast           52 FR 42064; 11/02/
                                   dougallii.                              population (CT,     1987
                                                                           ME, MA, NJ, NY,
                                                                           NC, RI, VA).
             PLANTS
Sensitive joint-vetch...........  Aeschynomene        Threatened........  Entire Range......  57 FR 21569; 05/20/
                                   virginica.                                                  1992
Shale barren rock-cress.........  Arabis serotina...  Endangered........  Entire Range......  54 FR 29655; 07/13/
                                                                                               1989
Virginia sneezeweed.............  Helenium viginicum  Threatened........  Entire Range......  63 FR 59239; 11/03/
                                                                                               1998
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

What Information Do We Consider in Our Review?

    In our 5-year review, we consider all new information available at
the time of the review. These reviews will consider the best scientific
and commercial data that have become available since the original
listing determination or most recent status review of each species,
such as: (A) Species biology, including but not limited to population
trends, distribution, abundance, demographics, and genetics; (B)
Habitat conditions, including but not limited to amount, distribution,
and suitability; (C) Conservation measures that have been implemented
to benefit the species; (D) Threat status and trends (see five factors
under heading ``How do we determine whether a species is endangered or
threatened?''); and (E) Other new information, data, or corrections,
including but not limited to taxonomic or nomenclatural changes,
identification of erroneous information contained in the List of
Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants, and improved analytical
methods.

Public Solicitation of New Information

    We request any new information concerning the status of the
wildlife species Appalachian monkeyface, Cheat Mountain salamander,
Madison cave isopod, and roseate tern, and of the plant species
sensitive joint-vetch, shale barren rock-cress, and Virginia
sneezeweed. See ``What Information Do We Consider in Our Review?'' for
specific criteria. Information should be supported with documentation
such as maps, bibliographic references, methods used to gather and
analyze the data, and/or copies of any pertinent publications, reports,
or letters by knowledgeable sources. We specifically request
information regarding data from any systematic surveys, as well as any
studies or analysis of data that may show population size or trends;
information pertaining to the biology or ecology of the species;
information regarding the effects of current land management on
population distribution and abundance; information on the current
condition of habitat; and recent information regarding conservation
measures that have been implemented to benefit the species.
Additionally, we specifically request information regarding the current
distribution of populations and evaluation of threats faced by the
species in relation to the five listing factors (as defined in section
4(a)(1) of the Act) and the species' listed status as judged against
the definition of threatened or endangered. Finally, we solicit
recommendations pertaining to the development of, or potential updates
to, recovery plans and additional actions or studies that would benefit
these species in the future.
    Our practice is to make information, including names and home
addresses of respondents, available for public review. Before including
your address, phone number, e-mail address, or other personal
identifying information in your comment, you should be aware that your
entire comment--including your personal identifying information--may be
made publicly available at any time. While you can ask us in your
comment to withhold your personal identifying information from public
review, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to do so.
    You may submit information on the following species by U.S. mail,
e-mail, or hand-delivery, to the corresponding addresses below. You may
also view information we receive in response to this notice, as well as
other public documentations in our files, at the following locations by
appointment, during normal business hours.
    Appalachian monkeyface: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Southwest
Virginia Field Office, 330 Cummings Street, Abingdon, VA 24210,
Attention: Shane Hanlon. Direct inquiries to Mr. Hanlon at 276-623-
1233, extension 25, or shane_hanlon@fws.gov.
    Cheat mountain salamander: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, West
Virginia Field Office, 694 Beverly Pike, Elkins, WV 26241, Attention:
Barbara Douglas. Direct inquiries to Ms. Douglas at 304-636-6586,
extension 19, or barbara_douglas@fws.gov.
    Madison cave isopod: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Virginia Field
Office, 6669 Short Lane, Gloucester, VA 23061, Attention: Sumalee
Hoskin. Direct inquiries to Ms. Hoskin at 804-693-6694, extension 136,
or sumalee_hoskin@fws.gov.
    Roseate tern: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New England Field
Office, 70 Commercial Street, Suite 300, Concord, NH 03301, Attention:
Michael Amaral. Direct inquiries to Mr. Amaral at 603-223-2541,
extension 23, or michael_amaral@fws.gov.
    Sensitive joint-vetch: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Virginia
Field Office, 6669 Short Lane, Gloucester, VA 23061, Attention: Tylan
Dean. Direct inquiries to Mr. Dean at 804-693-6694, extension 104, or
tylan_dean@fws.gov.
    Shale barren rock-cress: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Virginia
Field Office, 6669 Short Lane, Gloucester, VA 23061, Attention:
Kimberly Smith. Direct inquiries to Ms. Smith at 804-693-6694,
extension 126, or kimberly_smith@fws.gov.
    Virginia sneezeweed: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Virginia Field
Office, 6669 Short Lane, Gloucester, VA 23061, Attention: Tylan Dean.
Direct inquiries to Mr. Dean at 804-693-6694, extension 104, or tylan_
dean@fws.gov.
    All electronic information must be submitted in text format or rich
text format. Include the following identifier in the subject line of
the e-mail: Information on 5-year review for [name of species], and
include your name and return address in the body of your message.

How Are These Species Currently Listed?

    Table 1 provides current listing information. Also, the full List
of endangered and threatened species is available on our Internet site
at http://endangered.fws.gov/wildlife.html#Species.

Definitions Related to This Notice?

    To help you submit information about the species we are reviewing,
we provide the following definitions:

[[Page 76375]]

    Species includes any species or subspecies of fish, wildlife, or
plant, and any distinct population segment of any species of
vertebrate, which interbreeds when mature;
    Endangered species means any species that is in danger of
extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range; and
    Threatened species means any species that is likely to become an
endangered species within the foreseeable future throughout all or a
significant portion of its range.

How Do We Determine Whether a Species Is Endangered or Threatened?

    Section 4(a)(1) of the Act establishes that we determine whether a
species is endangered or threatened based on one or more of the five
following factors: (A) The present or threatened destruction,
modification, or curtailment of its habitat or range; (B)
Overutilization for commercial, recreational, scientific, or
educational purposes; (C) Disease or predation; (D) The inadequacy of
existing regulatory mechanisms; or (E) Other natural or manmade factors
affecting its continued existence. Section 4(a)(1) of the Act requires
that our determination be made on the basis of the best scientific and
commercial data available.

What Could Happen as a Result of Our Review?

    For each species under review, if we find new information that
indicates a change in classification may be warranted, we may propose a
new rule that could do one of the following: (a) Reclassify the species
from threatened to endangered (uplist); (b) Reclassify the species from
endangered to threatened (downlist); or (c) Remove the species from the
List (delist). If we determine that a change in classification is not
warranted, then the species will remain on the List under its current
status.

    Authority: This document is published under the authority of the
Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1531).

    Dated: November 24, 2008.
Wendi Weber,
Acting Regional Director, Northeast Region, Fish and Wildlife Service.
 [FR Doc. E8-29720 Filed 12-15-08; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4310-55-P

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