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UFWDA Community Forum  |  UFWDA General Discussion  |  General UFWDA Topics  |  Topic: Proposed "Road" definitions « previous next »
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onejsmith
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« on: May 21, 2011, 07:59:01 am »

An attachment to “USFS Planning Rule Comments” submitted by:
Jerry Smith
2322 Hwy 6 & 50  #51
Grand Jct., CO  81505
onejsmith@yahoo.com
Member of:
Grand Mesa Jeep Club;      Colorado Association of 4 Wheel Drive Clubs;         United Four Wheel Drive Associations;         Blue Ribbon Coalition;      COHVCO;  and Utah Shared Access Alliance

Below please find proposed Definitions of “Road”, “Primitive Road”, “Motorized Trail”, and “Non-Motorized Trail” for consideration as terms used by the USFS to manage public lands.
These definitions have been expanded from terms and “definitions” currently used by both the USFS and BLM to determine what a “Road” is. 
The current “definitions” are much too vague to define anything of substance and leave “interpretation” by individuals who, according to most knowledgeable people, have highly questionable qualifications to make that determination on their own.
Clear definitions of terms such as these make for better communication and understanding.  This also will decrease the need for so many law suits to determine every little argument.  We hope this example will inspire an equal effort on the part of the USFS to define other vague terms in the “Plan”.
We hope you will consider the following as a guideline for these important terms.
Thank you for your consideration.
Jerry Smith

A “Road” is:
•   A linear route managed for use by low-clearance vehicles.
•   Maintained for regular and continuous use
•   A two track (or more) way of sufficient width to accommodate a full-size average American pickup truck, SUV, or “Jeep” type vehicle.
•   A way that was constructed by means of heavy equipment (bulldozer, motor grader, excavator, backhoe, tractor, etc.)
•   Does NOT require constant or repeated mechanical maintenance.   May be used commercially and/or for recreation
•   May have some or all of the following characteristics:
   Side drainage ditching
   Side rows or “berm(s) of dirt and/or rock
   Cuts into a side hill
   Steep grade(s)
   Off-camber site(s)
   A “dug-way” or shelf into a cliff face or hill/ mountain side
   Primitive surfaces including but not limited to:
   Environmental damage
   Large rocks fallen onto its surface
   Deep cuts from natural run-off or flooding
   Encroaching underbrush growing into or from the way
   Landslide(s)
   Wet or dry wash crossing(s)
   Stream or river crossing(s)
   Other natural obstacle(s)
“roads which have been improved and maintained by mechanical means”  to insure relatively regular and continuous use shall not be interpreted to mean “needing constant and/or repeated” maintenance  by mechanical means to remain open for use.
The simple construction by means of heavy equipment is sufficient to qualify as having “been improved and maintained by mechanical means to insure relatively regular and continuous use”.

A “Primitive Road” (Commonly known as a “Jeep road”) is:
•   A linear route managed for use by four-wheel drive or high-clearance vehicles.
•   Primitive roads do not necessarily meet any governmental road design standards.
•   A primitive two track (or more) way of sufficient width to accommodate a full-size average American pickup truck, SUV, or “Jeep” type vehicle.
•   Was pioneered by means of vehicle use, heavy equipment, and/or manual labor
•   Does NOT require nor receive constant or repeated mechanical maintenance.   
•   May have some or all of the following:
   Steep grade(s)
   Ledges or “waterfalls”
   Environmental damage
   Large rocks fallen onto its surface
   Deep cuts from natural run-off or flooding
   Off-camber site(s)
   Encroaching underbrush growing into or from the way surface
   Landslide(s)
   Wet or dry wash crossing(s)
   Stream or river crossing(s)
   Other natural obstacle(s)
“roads which have been improved and maintained by mechanical means”  to insure relatively regular and continuous use shall not be interpreted to mean “needing constant and/or repeated” maintenance  by mechanical means to remain open for use.
The simple construction by means of heavy equipment is sufficient to qualify as having ”been improved and maintained by mechanical means to insure relatively regular and continuous use”.

  A “Motorized Trail” is:
•   A single or double track route managed to accommodate Hiker(s), bicycle(s), horse(s), motorcycle(s),  ATV(s), or “side-by-side” vehicles not over 50” overall width.
•   OR have two track ways of sufficient width to accommodate a motorized vehicle or machine not exceeding 50” in outside width
•   A way that was constructed by way of heavy equipment (bulldozer, motor grader, excavator, backhoe, tractor, manual labor, and /or by simple use, etc.)
•   Does NOT require constant or repeated mechanical maintenance May have some or all of the following:
   Side drainage ditching
   Side rows or “berm(s) of dirt and/or rock
   Cuts into a side hill
   Steep grade(s)
   A “dug-way” or shelf into a cliff face or hill/ mountain side
   Primitive surfaces including but not limited to:
   Environmental damage
   Large rocks fallen onto its surface
   Deep cuts from natural run-off or flooding
   Off-camber site(s)
   Encroaching underbrush growing into or from the way surface
   Landslide(s)
   Wet or dry wash crossing(s)
   Stream or river crossing(s)
   Other natural obstacle(s)



A “Non-Mechanized Trail” is:
•   A single track lineal route managed to accommodate Hiker(s), and/or horse(s) traffic only.
•   May or may not meet any governmental trail design standards.
•   Was pioneered by simple use or by manual labor.
•   Does not require nor receive constant or repeated maintenance.
•   May have some or all of the following:
   Steep grade(s)
   Ledges or “waterfalls”
   Environmental damage
   Large rocks fallen onto its surface
   Deep cuts from natural run-off or flooding
   Off-camber site(s)
   Encroaching underbrush growing into or from the way surface
   Landslide(s)
   Wet or dry wash crossing(s)
   Stream or river crossing(s)
   Rock outcroppings
   Other natural obstacle(s)

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